Rusmedia – the infochannel of Euro-Rus

For a great Europe, from Gibraltar to Vladivostok !

Archive for the ‘History’ Category

Stalin built many secret super bunkers for himself but used none of them

Posted by Kris Roman on July 8, 2009

Stalin-bunker-1Yury Suprunenko
Pravda.Ru

When German troops neared Moscow in November 1941, there was a real threat for the capital of the Soviet Union to capitulate. Stalin found out shortly before that that Adolf Hitler was conducting all important meetings in underground bunkers. Stalin decided to build reliable shelters for himself.

In accordance with the secret decree of the State Committee for Defense signed on November 22, 1941, underground bunkers were built in Kuibyshev, Stalingrad, Saratov, Yaroslavl, Gorky, Ulyanovsk and Kazan. Lavrenty Beria, the chairman of the Committee, was personally in charge of the task.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russia declassifies archive files about USSR’s top secret agent in NS-Germany

Posted by Kris Roman on June 19, 2009

Russia’s External Intelligence Service declassified the archives about one of the most prominent Soviet intelligence officers in Nazi Germany – Willy Leman, a top secret Soviet agent nicknamed as Breitenbach. He was USSR’s only agent at Germany’s Gestapo. Leman warned Moscow of Germany’s intention to attack the Soviet Union, RIA Novosti news agency reports.

The documents, which Leman provided to Soviet secret agents since 1941, said that Nazi Germany was preparing to attack the Soviet Union.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

The cost of V-Day for Soviet Russia

Posted by Kris Roman on May 8, 2009

Most of the world marks the end of the Second World War on the 8th of May. But for Soviet Russia it ended the day after. In modern Russia, May 9th is still celebrated as a major national holiday.

For the Soviet Union, the war started with the German invasion on June 22, 1941. Germany wa able to go to war with the big help of Rothschildmoney.

The clash at the Eastern front between Germany and the Red Army has been labeled the Great Patriotic War. This term was first used in an article in one of the Soviet newspapers, and it still bares this name.

All in all, over 100 million military personnel participated and at least 70 million people died during the Second World War, most at the Eastern front in the period of four years … More people fought and died in the Great Patriotic War than in all other theatres of the Second World War combined.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

On the Great Patriotic War, historical truth, and our memory

Posted by Kris Roman on May 8, 2009

In his latest video blog, President Dmitry Medvedev addresses the nation prior to remembering WWII on Victory Day.

In the life of every one of us, there are holidays and memorable dates that have very special meaning. There are also cases when the line between personal and common interest is blurred – when personal matters become a wider concern and when community issues feel close and personal. The ninth of May, the Victory Day, is an example of just such a holiday. It is our common holiday, a day for every one of us, and a day for every Russian family. Naturally, everyone has his or her own attitude towards this holiday, mostly because of our close relatives, grandfathers and great grandfathers who fought and passed through the furnace of war.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

USA lured USSR into the trap of Afghanistan war

Posted by Kris Roman on February 25, 2009

english.pravda.ru/

Vladimir Anokhin
Vadim Trukhachev

afghanistan-9Russia marked the 20th anniversary of the withdrawal of the last Soviet troops from Afghanistan on February 15. The Soviet Union lost over 14,000 people during ten years of the war – from 1979 to 1989. Over a thousand military men became disabled individuals as a result of the war. The soldiers of the Soviet Army were absolutely unaware of the big political game around Afghanistan.

Experts still differ in their estimations of those events. Some of them say that the USSR was forced to deploy its troops in Afghanistan because the country, which borders on three post-Soviet republics, would have been used against the Soviet Union otherwise. The leaders of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, which came to power in the country in April 1978, were USSR-loyal politicians, although their positions in the country could not be described as absolutely reliable.

Islamic fundamentalists began to show armed resistance to the party since the summer of 1978 with the help from the United States, Great Britain, several Muslim states and China. “It was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet military intervention,” Zbigniew Brzezinski said an in interview withLe Nouvel Observateur (France).

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

USSR’s Nikita Khrushchev gave Russia’s Crimea away to Ukraine in only 15 minutes

Posted by Kris Roman on February 25, 2009

khrushchevenglish.pravda.ru

The Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union passed the decree to hand over the Crimean region from the structure of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) to the Ukrainian SSR within the Soviet Union. Then-Soviet leader, Nikita Khrushchev, virtually gave Crimea away to Ukraine.

 

The delivery of the region from the Russian SSR to the Ukrainian SSR was just a formality during the years of the “indestructible” Soviet Union. Ukraine received such a gift on the occasion of the 300th anniversary since its unification with Russia. It could never occur to anyone back in those days that the USSR would collapse, and that Ukraine would no longer be a part of it.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

USSR’s huge K-7 ‘flying wing’ aircraft was only one step away from global triumph

Posted by Kris Roman on February 13, 2009

k-7-flying-winghttp://english.pravda.ru

The aircraft construction industry of the USSR was working on an amazing project during the years preceding World War Two. Konstantin Kalinin, an outstanding aircraft designer of those times, was leading the project to build a gigantic flying machine, which was known as the K-7 heavy experimental aircraft.Kalinin’s design bureau was working on the plane at the end of the 1930s. K-7 became the embodiment of revolutionary ideas of that time. For example, for the first time in history the plane was outfitted with a control wheel booster. This option was widely used in the aircraft-building industry afterwards. Kalinin also decided to use chrome molybdenum steel pipes for the carcass of the liner, which was also a novelty in the Soviet Union .

The first tests of the aircraft began in 1933, but the government ordered to scrap them soon afterwards. Kalinin’s opponents convinced the Soviet leadership that there was no sense in spending too much money on the flying giant. Kalinin’s ideas, which were never materialized in K-7, were later used in the development of heavy aircraft.

K-7 was originally designed as a three-engine passenger plane to transport 22 passengers and luggage. The design bureau subsequently rejected the idea and the project began to develop as the construction of a transcontinental aircraft. Kalinin wanted to make the plane look like a huge wing, which would be the perfect aircraft, as he thought. Therefore, the constructor was working on the project on all-in-one-wing principle.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History, Russian Army | Leave a Comment »

All of Tsar Nicholas the Second’s family accounted for

Posted by Kris Roman on January 15, 2009

tsaarfamilieThe murder of the last tsar and his family has been one of the great mysteries in Russian history, but investigators are finally bringing the case to a close as they now have conclusive identification of the Royal family’s remains.

For descendants of Tsar Nicholas II it has brought closure. 
 
“The head of the Russian Imperial House Maria Romanova thinks that enough time has passed since the launch of investigation in 1993 to come to a conclusion as to whose remains were discovered near Yekaterinburg,” explains lawyer to the Romanov family German Lukianov. “For every person it’s important that their relatives are buried according to tradition. It will show to society that we care about our history and our ancestors”. 

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | 1 Comment »

The most popular Russian

Posted by Kris Roman on December 31, 2008

nevskyBy Stanislav Mishin

The contest has ended and the West, the Anglo-Marxist West is proclaiming evidence of a new cold war by the fact that Stalin, at 11.5% of the vote, took third place. Breaking news from Reuters: “Dictator Stalin voted third most popular Russian” and the UK’s Telegraph “The Sinister Resurrection of Stalin”. Yes folks, this is the preeminent news from the top of the Anglo-Marxist kept media. See, there’s a reason the Cold War has to start, those evil Russians are ready for a Stalin II, which is the implied message.

 

The rotten and dieing Anglo-Sphere has to do what ever it can to keep the peasants distracted and looking the other way as the top 1% abscond with the last of the piggy bank change. What better way than to start another Cold War?

Lets look at this story another way: the winner was SAINT Alexander Nevsky. He was a strong Orthodox Christian and a wise man who safe guarded the only Russian principality to survive both the Mongol invasions and those of the Catholics crusades, beating back the Swedes and then the Teutonics while keeping Novgorod free of the Mongols. A strong nationalist and a populist. Upon his death, at age 43, while returning from the Mongol Khan’s court, the Metropolitan Archbishop Cyril said, ‘My children, you should know that the sun of the Suzdalian land has set. There will never be another prince like him in the Suzdalian land.’

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russians commemorate victims of political repression

Posted by Kris Roman on October 30, 2008

 

Russians gathered at ceremonies across the country on Thursday to remember the victims of the political repression, including the Great Purge of 1937-1938.

The memorial events are part of the Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Political Repression, but despite the official recognition human rights activists are worried that many Russians still have a positive view of Joseph Stalin.

Ilya Yashin, leader of Youth Yabloko, one of Russia’s best-known youth political movements, said the current problems were rooted to the 1930s and “mostly relate to Stalin.”

“That was when the fear of the oppressive state system penetrated deep into our conscience,” Yashin said. “I assume the fear is still there.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russians remember Soviet youth organization on anniversary

Posted by Kris Roman on October 29, 2008

 

RIA Novosti

Russians marked 90 years on Wednesday since the establishment of the Soviet-era Young Communist League, or the Komsomol.

The youth wing of the Communist Party disbanded after an unsuccessful August 1991 coup attempt by communist hardliners against the reformist rule of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.

However, some two-thirds of adult Russians are estimated to have been members of the Komsomol, and the organization continues to hold fond memories for many of them.

The Komsomol was formed at the First All-Russia Congress of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Youth Leagues in 1918. The youngest members were 14 years old and the oldest 28. The organization provided many volunteer members for mass construction projects across the U.S.S.R.

One former member, the winner of the 2000 Nobel Prize in Physics, Zhores Alferov, told RIA Novosti that, “The Komsomol was an absolute organization of the masses. It educated people in a lot of things, including management and ethics.”

He also said that the Komsomol had given him valuable experience in the field of science.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Moscow to get restored Soviet-era statue back in 2010

Posted by Kris Roman on September 5, 2008

 

The Moscow government has pledged to complete restoration work on a giant 1930s Soviet-era statue and have the monument back in its rightful place by 2010, a source in the city administration said on Friday.

Restoration work on the 24.5-meter high statue, The Worker and the Peasant Woman, by Vera Mukhina, was launched in 2003. Moscow authorities originally said it would be back and fully restored in 2005. Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov gave instructions in late August that the restoration work be speeded up.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Experts suggest another Russian tsar family burial site exists

Posted by Kris Roman on September 4, 2008

 

RIA Novosti

Russian archaeologists could discover another site where the remains of the children of Russia’s last tsar are buried, a Russian forensic expert said.

Tsar Nicholas II, his wife, their four daughters and son, and several servants, were shot dead by the Bolsheviks in a basement in the Urals city of Yekaterinburg in the early hours of July 17, 1918. The Romanovs were canonized in 2000.

The bodies of all the family, except for those of Prince Alexei and his elder sister Maria, were found in 1991 and buried in the St. Peter and Paul Cathedral in St. Petersburg in 1998.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Solzhenitsyn and the Struggle for Russia’s Soul

Posted by Kris Roman on August 10, 2008

http://www.stratfor.com/
By George Friedman

There are many people who write history. There are very few who make history through their writings. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, who died this week at the age of 89, was one of them. In many ways, Solzhenitsyn laid the intellectual foundations for the fall of Soviet communism. That is well known. But Solzhenitsyn also laid the intellectual foundation for the Russia that is now emerging. That is less well known, and in some ways more important.

Solzhenitsyn’s role in the Soviet Union was simple. His writings, and in particular his book “One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich,” laid bare the nature of the Soviet regime. The book described a day in the life of a prisoner in a Soviet concentration camp, where the guilty and innocent alike were sent to have their lives squeezed out of them in endless and hopeless labor. It was a topic Solzhenitsyn knew well, having been a prisoner in such a camp following service in World War II.

The book was published in the Soviet Union during the reign of Nikita Khrushchev. Khrushchev had turned on his patron, Joseph Stalin, after taking control of the Communist Party apparatus following Stalin’s death. In a famous secret speech delivered to the leadership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Khrushchev denounced Stalin for his murderous ways. Allowing Solzhenitsyn’s book to be published suited Khrushchev. Khrushchev wanted to detail Stalin’s crimes graphically, and Solzhenitsyn’s portrayal of life in a labor camp served his purposes.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Solzhenitsyn, Russia’s last conscience, is laid to rest

Posted by Kris Roman on August 9, 2008

http://www.independent.co.uk

The air was thick with the scent of incense and freshly cut flowers, as more than a dozen white-robed Orthodox priests sang hymns and recited prayers in a three-hour service at the funeral of Alexander Solzhenitsyn in Moscow.

Broadcast live on state television, the funeral was the epilogue to an extraordinary life that saw war, imprisonment and exile. He was buried in the grounds of Moscow’s Donskoi monastery, as a military salute sounded and soldiers marched in formation.

“There goes Russia’s last conscience,” sighed one elderly man, as the coffin was lowered into the ground. President Dmitry Medvedev looked on, flanked by Solzhenitsyn’s widow, Natalya, and his three sons, and appeared to shed a tear as the pallbearers covered the coffin with earth.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Alexander Solzhenitsyn: political importance and literary genius

Posted by Kris Roman on August 7, 2008

Michael Scammell, for RIA Novosti.

The story of Solzhenitsyn’s meteoric rise to fame with the unexpected publication of A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich in Tvardovsky’s Novy Mir has entered the annals of Russian literature, creating a new and potent legend akin to the story of Belinsky’s discovery of Dostoevsky a century earlier. And deservedly so, for the novel exploded in the literary and spiritual vacuum created by the Soviet censorship with the force of a virtual atomic bomb. It was a bomb heard round the world as well. The book was translated into English and other languages with unprecedented speed and became an instant bestseller, spawning articles, television programs, and even discussions in Western parliaments about the prospects for Soviet reform.

With one short book Solzhenitsyn had entered both the literary and the political arena, raising questions about the history, nature, and viability of the Soviet system and its impact on ordinary Russians. Ivan Denisovich Shukhov was a Russian Everyman, the victim of an arbitrary tyranny who had to endure every possible hardship short of death, with no hope of mercy although he was totally innocent. Among electrified Russian readers there were rumors that censorship had been abolished, and abroad there were hopes for a real relaxation of the Stalinist dictatorship and a detente between East and West. But these hopes were quickly dashed, and Solzhenitsyn himself managed to publish only three more short stories (including the Tolstoyan Matrona’s Place) before censorship was strengthened again, and officially published literature returned to its gray and lifeless condition.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

The Nobel Prize laureate died of heart failure at his home outside Moscow at 89 years old

Posted by Kris Roman on August 7, 2008

In recent years, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn lived in his dacha in Troitse-Lykovo outside Russia’s capital. Late in the evening on Aug. 3, 2008, an ambulance rushed to the small town after receiving a phone call from his wife and son. Solzhenitsyn had collapsed due to heart failure. Sadly, the doctors weren’t able to resuscitate the legendary author of “The Gulag Archipelago.” The approximate time of death was 23:30.

Despite the late hour, the news quickly spread throughout Moscow. Today, Solzhenitsyn’s family and friends will be arriving at his home to pay their respects.

“We feel a tremendous loss,” Solzhenitsyn’s daughter-in-law Nadezhda told KP. “The doctors are here and our loved ones are arriving to the home. Aleksandr was seriously ill lately, but he endured all his trials with fortitude.”

“Until the last minute, Aleksandr was working on his 30-volume anthology,” his youngest son Stepan told KP. “Even during the day on Sunday. But he began feeling ill toward the evening…”

Stepan was by his father’s side until his death, together with his mother Natalya, and heard his last wishes. Stepan says his father told him which works should remain in the family.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russians pay last respects to Solzhenitsyn

Posted by Kris Roman on August 5, 2008

Russians lined up in the rain in Moscow on Tuesday to pay their last respects to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the writer whose books did much to reveal the truth about the Soviet system of labor camps.

Solzhenitsyn, a Nobel literature prize laureate, died of heart failure at his home near Moscow late on Sunday. He was 89.

The lavish ceremony saw the dissident writer’s body lying in state in the Academy of Sciences in the Russian capital. His open casket stood before a Russian flag as a guard of honor marched slowly past.

Prime Minister and former president Vladimir Putin placed a bunch of red roses by the coffin and offered his condolences to Solzhenitsyn’s widow, Natalia, and his sons. The ceremony was also attended by a host of other top officials, leading cultural figures and scientists.

World leaders have also sent their condolences to Solzhenitsyn’s family since the news of his death broke, calling him “a symbol of freedom.”

In a telegram from the Russian government to his family, Solzhenitsyn was called “the country’s conscience and an embodiment of internal freedom and dignity,” and “a man, whose books and life served as moral guidelines for the nation.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History, Russia to the Russians | Leave a Comment »

Russia hails Strasbourg court ruling on WWII veteran

Posted by Kris Roman on July 26, 2008

Russia welcomes the European Court of Human Rights’ ruling that Latvia must pay World War II veteran Vasily Kononov 30,000 euros ($47,000) in damages, the Foreign Ministry said on Friday.

Kononov had originally demanded 5 million euros ($7.8 million) in compensation for being illegally held in custody by Latvia on charges of war crimes.

“We are glad that justice has triumphed, and that the 85-year-old war veteran, who has endured the hardships of imprisonment and moral and psychological hounding, and who had been illegally prosecuted in Latvia for a long time, has eventually received an unbiased verdict by the European Court of Human Rights,” the ministry said in a statement.

The ruling was made on June 19, but was only announced in full on Thursday. The court rejected Kononov’s other demands, which included moral damages and compensation for the apartment and plot of land he had been forced to sell in order to pay for court expenses and medical treatment.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Jehovah’s Witnesses plans for stadium service in Russia blocked

Posted by Kris Roman on July 18, 2008

Prosecutors in the northeast Russian city of Murmansk said on Friday that a planned series of Jehovah’s Witnesses services in a stadium cannot go ahead, as they contravene a law on the use of sports facilities.

The statement said that according to Russian law, sports facilities cannot be used for religious purposes. The group had signed a contract with the Murmansk Central Stadium for services from July 18-20.

In May 2007, the Murmansk branch of the Jehovah’s Witnesses, which has around 800 members, clashed with the local administration when authorities refused to allocate land for the construction of a religious center in a densely-populated area of the city.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | 1 Comment »

Archaeologists find 600-year-old chess piece in northwest Russia

Posted by Kris Roman on July 18, 2008

Archaeologists in northwest Russia have discovered a chess piece dating back to the late 14th century, a spokesman for local archaeologists said on Friday.

“The king, around several centimeters tall, is made of solid wood, possibly of juniper,” the spokesman said.

The excavations are being carried out at the site of the Palace of Facets, in the Novgorod Kremlin in Veliky Novgorod. The palace is believed to be the oldest in Russia.

According to the city chronicles, chess as a competitive game emerged in Veliky Novgorod, the foremost historic city in northwest Russia, in the 13th century, but was banned in 1286 by the church.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russians mark 90 years since murder of Russian czar and his family

Posted by Kris Roman on July 16, 2008

Russians attended church ceremonies Wednesday marking 90 years since the last czar and his family were murdered by the Bolsheviks, while investigators reaffirmed that remains unearthed last year were those of Nicholas II’s only son and a daughter.

Russian Orthodox Churches nationwide were holding services and processions Wednesday and Thursday, some overnight, to commemorate the canonized czar and his wife and children, who were shot dead in a basement in the Ural Mountains city of Yekaterinburg early on July 17, 1918.

Russian investigators marked the anniversary by repeating their confirmation that bone and tooth fragments found in a shallow grave in Yekaterinburg a year ago are those of the czar’s 13-year-old heir, Crown Prince Alexei, and one of his daughters, Grand Duchess Maria.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Gorbachev calls for purge museum

Posted by Kris Roman on July 6, 2008

The Soviet Union’s last leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, has signed a petition for a museum to commemorate the millions of victims of communist repression.

Mr Gorbachev said the special museum should be set up inside what was one of the most notorious Soviet detention centres, the Butyrka prison in Moscow.

The petition’s organisers, Memorial, said Russians today were in danger of forgetting the brutality of the past.

They also criticised the glorification of former leader Josef Stalin by some.

In 1937, Stalin launched his campaign against anyone he saw as a threat to his regime. Those included political opponents, but also the army, the intelligentsia, members of the clergy and peasants.

Overlooking purges

The leader famous for introducing the reforms which eventually led to the collapse of the Soviet Union now wants to ensure that the worst excesses of the communist regime are not forgotten.

Mr Gorbachev, along with other political figures, scientists and human rights activists, signed a petition calling for the museum to be built inside the Butyrka prison in the centre of the Russian capital.

During the purges ordered by Stalin, 20 political prisoners were held at a time inside this jail.

Those who escaped the firing squad were transported to the prison camps around the country known as the Gulag.

Amongst those who spent time at Butyrka was Alexander Solzhenitsyn, one of the Soviet Union’s most famous dissidents and writers.

Human rights activists at Wednesday’s news conference said they were concerned that the Russian people were in danger of forgetting what happened under the communists.

They said many of those who survived the brutal punishments had now died and they warned, as a result, that Stalin was already being rehabilitated in the national consciousness.

Some historians focus on the rapid industrialisation of Russia under Stalin, overlooking the cost in terms of starvation, repression and extermination of opponents.

Posted in History | 1 Comment »

Lenin must be finally buried! – Gorbachev

Posted by Kris Roman on June 4, 2008

Vladimir Lenin’s embalmed body has been in Red Square for more than 80 years, but former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev says it’s time for him to be buried. He wants Lenin’s body and tomb to be removed from the square.
“One day for sure we will come to see the mausoleum lose its significance and Lenin’s body finally committed to the ground, like his family members had wanted,” Gorbachev said.

The fate of Russia’s first Communist leader has been continuously brought up since the fall of the Soviet Union. However, communists have blocked any attempts to move Lenin’s body. They argue the tomb is a part of Russian history and should remain intact.

Lenin’s embalmed body has been on public display ever since his death in 1924.

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Happy Birthday St Pete! 305 years young

Posted by Kris Roman on May 27, 2008

Russia’s second largest city, Saint Petersburg, is marking its 305th anniversary. Founded in 1703 by Peter the Great, it was the country’s capital until the Bolshevik revolution in 1917.Celebrations got under way with a two-day carnival. Russian’s northern capital will enjoy various open-air concerts and theatrical performances with the main events taking place next weekend. 

The city expects a rush of tourists, drawn by the so-called white nights, when it’s possible to walk the streets after midnight in almost broad daylight.

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Emperor Nicholas II

Posted by Kris Roman on May 21, 2008

The last Russian Emperor Nicholas II, aka Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov, the eldest son of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Fyodorovna, was born on May 18, 1868, in Tsarskoye Selo, one of St. Petersburg’s numerous Imperial estates.

The early 1910s. Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family in St. Petersburg.

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

WW2 claimed 8 MLN Germans: historians

Posted by Kris Roman on May 12, 2008

The exact number of casualties sustained by Germany and its allies during World War II is still a mystery. Russian and German historians are now suggesting the number could be as high as the catastrophic losses of the Soviet Red Army.

The war was possible because the Rotschildts have given 30.000 bln dollar to Germany before the war. Without the money of the international capitalists war was not possible. The Rotschildt family also sponsored the Russian Revolution and the Soviet Army. This money led to the dead of millions of innocent people, civilians and soldiers.

 

Incredibly, more than sixty years after the end of the bloodiest war in history some countries still do no have an accurate figure for the number of lives it claimed. German historians have found the task particularly challenging. Their main source of data on military casualties remains official statistics published by the government department led by Joseph Goebbels. As one might expect the figures were liberally revised downwards, especially after the Battle of Stalingrad when the Germans began to retreat and take heavy losses.

German’s post-war division further complicated efforts. Shortly after the war Germany was divided up by the Allied powers, and in 1949 split into Western and Eastern Germany. Historians on either side of the border were rarely able to cooperate and research ground to a standstill. The division prevented any effective research being conducted until the county was reunified in 1990.

Official estimates show that 2.5 million Germans died on the Eastern Front. But Russian historians count over 3.2 million German graves on the territory of the former Soviet Union alone.

In Russia, research on the war on the Eastern Front, which Russians call the Great Patriotic War, is still extremely active.

Latest estimates raise the figure of German losses on the Eastern Front to 4 million. This makes 7 million a more plausible number for total German military casualties in the war, or 8 million when its Axis allies are included.

These latest figures are not far off the number of Soviet Union casualties. 8.6 million Red Army soldiers, as well as navy and air force servicemen died in World War II, and the civilian death toll is thought be in excess of 12 million.

 

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Moscow’s Red Square hosts Victory Day parade with hardware, troops

Posted by Kris Roman on May 10, 2008

A military parade involving almost 8,000 personnel, 111 sophisticated tracked and wheeled military vehicles, as well as 32 aircraft and helicopters was launched on Moscow’s Red Square at 10:00 a.m. Moscow time (06:00 GMT) on Friday, when Russia celebrates Victory Day.

Victory Day marks the final surrender by Germany to the U.S.S.R. in WWII, often referred to as the Great Patriotic War in Russia and other states in the former Soviet Union.

Moscow’s Military District Commander, General of the Army Vladimir Bakin, is running the parade, which was addressed by President Dmitry Medvedev, whose inauguration took place on Wednesday.

The parade accompanied by a large military orchestra of 550 musicians is divided into two parts, a historical and a modern. Personnel dressed in WWII uniform, carrying historical military banners, are to be followed by the passing of sophisticated military hardware, including BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, BTR-80 armored personnel carriers, T-90 tanks, Topol-M mobile missile launchers and Tu-160 and Tu-95MS strategic bombers.

Three dress rehearsals were held in April and March as part of preparations for the Victory Day parade.

Military hardware was last involved in a parade on Red Square on November 7, 1990. No military parades were held on the square from 1991 to 1994, and the May 9 parade in 1995 saw WWII veterans marching in central Moscow. Troops resumed their participation in military parades on Red Square in 1996.

The first Victory Parade was held on Red Square on June 24, 1945 on the order of the then-Supreme Commander-in-Chief, Joseph Stalin.

Posted in History, Russian Army | Leave a Comment »

President Dmitry Medvedev laid a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Alexandrovsky Garden

Posted by Kris Roman on May 8, 2008

Also taking part in the wreath-laying ceremony, honouring the 63rd anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, were candidate for the post of prime minister Vladimir Putin, acting Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov, Chairman of the Federation Council Sergei Mironov, Speaker of the State Duma Boris Gryzlov, acting First Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, acting Defence Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, the heads of other ministries and agencies, state officials, war veterans and public representatives.

The ceremony concluded with the marching by of troops from the Moscow Garrison, who will take part in the Victory Day parade on May 9.

Mr Medvedev also laid flowers at the monuments to the hero-cities at the foot of the Kremlin wall.

 

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Grisly find reveals Tsars execution secret

Posted by Kris Roman on May 6, 2008

Traces of chopped wounds have been discovered on alleged bones of Russia’s last Tsar’s children. Experts say that their executors might have chopped their bodies apart to burn on fires or in acid.

 

The remains of Prince Alexey and Princess Mary were found a year ago.

Their identity was confirmed this April, after a DNA tests made by the Massachusetts University in the U.S.   

This year it will be 90 year since the family of the last Russian Tsar Nicholas II was killed by the Bolsheviks.

 

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Chernobyl victims remembered on 22nd anniversary

Posted by Kris Roman on April 27, 2008

Ukraine and other former Soviet states affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster are holding ceremonies on Saturday to mark the 22nd anniversary of the explosion.

Church services will be held throughout Ukraine in memory of the victims, and President Viktor Yushchenko will take part in a ceremony to lay flowers at the memorial to Chernobyl Heroes in Kiev.

The speaker of Russia’s lower house of parliament, Boris Gryzlov, told reporters in Moscow: “Today we remember the events of 1986, the Chernobyl tragedy… We must always remember the heroism shown by those that took part in the liquidation of the accident and its consequences.”

Vast areas, including beyond the Soviet Union, were contaminated by the radioactive cloud that spread after the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear plant’s fourth reactor.

For the anniversary, former residents of the 30-km restricted zone surrounding the plant have been allowed to re-visit the area, where abandoned ghost towns lie almost untouched since Soviet times.

The Chernobyl disaster was caused by overheating following a disastrous experiment involving fuel rods, which was ironically aimed at improving safety.

While the initial Soviet cover-up was condemned by the West, it is almost certain that the authoritarian regime in place at the time, which sent dozens of workers to their certain death in the operation to seal the damaged reactor, averted much greater loss of life using means that would have been inaccessible to an open, democratic society.

There is no accurate data on the number of deaths, due to Soviet secrecy over the disaster. The Chernobyl Forum said 56 people, mainly rescue workers, were killed at the scene, and another 4,000 died of thyroid cancer shortly afterwards.

Several million more people are believed to have been exposed to varying degrees of radiation.

More than 300,000 people were relocated. Some 5 million people live in areas of Belarus, Russia and Ukraine classified as “contaminated” by radioactive elements.

Ukraine has approved a new shelter to be built over the damaged reactor, and last year signed a contract with French contractor Novarka.

The giant arch-shaped steel casing is expected to cost $1.4 billion and will take five years to complete.

The current badly-worn protective shelter has been repaired and reinforced by Russian contractor Atomstroyexport, in a project funded by the international Chernobyl Shelter Fund comprising 28 countries and run by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Teacher finds old coins worth over $20,000 in Central Russia

Posted by Kris Roman on April 14, 2008

A total of 8,000 old coins worth over 500,000 rubles ($20,000) have been found in an abandoned church in central Russia’s Lipetsk Region, a local scientist and archeologist said.

The find was discovered by a local teacher, who took her class to help in restoring an abandoned church near Lipetsk, used as a grain warehouse in Soviet times. The coins were discovered in a metal chest, which the teacher accidently found when her foot went through a floor board.

“The metal chest with coins was hidden under the church floor, near the altar. Many coins were wrapped in oiled paper,” Alexander Bessudnov said.

He said that of almost 8,000 coins, 700 were silver. The treasure was taken to a nearby police station in buckets.

“The oldest coins dated back to 1737, while the newest one was minted in 1914, three medals were also found,” the archaeologist said. “All [the coins] are well-preserved and are virtually uncorroded, probably, because the church stands on a hill.”

Although the teacher will receive 25% of the treasure’s value, it is still unclear what will happen to the rest of the coins.

“Russian law does not specifically cover procedures for handling treasure,” the head of the local cultural heritage department, Andrei Naidenov, said. “That’s why everything is up to the local authorities.”

According to a member of the local Christian community, villagers expect the money will be used to restore the church.

It is still not known who the owner of the coins is and why they were buried in the church. One version said the chest may have been buried by a former church leader, who died in 1914, while other people say that a priest named Pyotr Nadezhdin buried the coins to save them from the Bolsheviks.

“Similar cases have occurred in other regions,” Naidenov said.

This is the second archaeological find in Lipetsk in just over a year. In March 2007 archaeologists found a chest containing two silver goblets, a cigarette case and 1,050 coins in the foundations of an old house in downtown Lipetsk.

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Russian aircraft will ensure blue skies in Moscow on Victory Day

Posted by Kris Roman on April 11, 2008

 

Up to 12 military aircraft will disperse clouds to ensure good weather over Red Square during Victory Day celebrations in Moscow on May 9, an Air Force spokesman said on Friday.

Employing techniques perfected over decades, Moscow authorities plan to use environmentally friendly and harmless chemicals to clear clouds and prevent rain. Last year the Russian Air Force dispersed clouds above the city using dry ice, silver iodide and cement powder.

Colonel Alexander Drobyshevsky said “the most experienced An-12, Il-18 and An-26 crews” would be used to guarantee good weather in the Russian capital.

The weather regime will start on May 7, and preparations will begin from May 5, Drobyshevsky added.

Victory Day marks the capitulation of Nazi Germany to the Soviet Union in the Second World War. The conflict is commonly referred to as the Great Patriotic War in Russia.

More than 30 military aircraft are due to fly over Red Square during the May 9 military parade which will see a display of the country’s most advanced weaponry, such as BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, BTR-80 armored personnel carriers, T-90 tanks, and Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missile mobile launchers.

The Air Force will be represented by Tu-160 Blackjack and Tu-95 Bear strategic bombers, Su-34 Fullback fighter-bombers, MiG-31 Foxhound interceptors, An-124 Condor heavy-lift transport planes and helicopters of various types.

Cloud seeding causes an intensive crystallization process which produces ice crystals that are normally dispersed hundreds of meters from the target area.

 

Posted in History | Leave a Comment »

Rubber – Soled Tanks For Russia Red Square Parade

Posted by Kris Roman on April 9, 2008

New York Times

Russian tanks will be fitted with rubber pads to protect the cobble stones on Red Square when they take part in the Victory Day parade for the first time since the fall of the Soviet Union.

Tanks and mobile rockets rumbling past the Kremlin were a feature of the parades on May 9 in Soviet times. Post-Communist Russia slimmed down the parade to troops and light vehicles.

This year, more than 110 tanks, missiles and artillery pieces will join the parade, along with 32 aircraft. The decision to revive the tradition is regarded by some observers as a sign the Kremlin is flexing its military muscles.

The pads will be fitted over the tanks’ metal tracks.

UNESCO, the United Nations’ cultural arm, has listed the Kremlin and Red Square as a world heritage site since 1990.

The tanks and other hardware will roll past the Kremlin walls where the embalmed body of the first Bolshevik ruler, Vladimir Lenin, is still on view inside a marble mausoleum.

Posted in History, Russian Army | Leave a Comment »

Tanks to roll across Red Square again

Posted by Kris Roman on March 20, 2008

Tanks to roll across Red Square again 

The Russian military have started preparations for the Victory Day Parade to be held on Red Square on May 9. The annual event marks the end of Russia’s participation in World War II.

A training square, similar in size to Red Square, has been built in Alabino in the Moscow Region. More than 8,000 personnel and over a 100 motorised units will take part in the parade. It’s the first time since the fall of Soviet Union, military hardware, including BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, BTR-80 armoured personnel carriers, T-90 tanks, Topol-M mobile missile launchers and Tu-160 and Tu-95MS strategic bombers will roll across  Red Square. 

Posted in History, Russian Army | Leave a Comment »

Russia to show off bombers and ICBMs at Victory Day parade

Posted by Kris Roman on March 6, 2008

Sophisticated military hardware will be paraded during May’s Victory Day Parade in Moscow for the first time since the split up of the U.S.S.R, a military official said on Wednesday.Celebrations to mark the end of Russia’s participation in WWII are to be held on Red Square on May 9.The victory parade will see a display of the country’s most advanced military technology, such as BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, BTR-80 armored personnel carriers, T-90 tanks, Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missile mobile launchers, Tu-160 and Tu-95MS strategic bombers.”After a 17-year-long break, the president of Russia took the decision to resume military parades with military hardware,” Moscow Military District Commander General Vladimir Bakin said, adding that the Topol-M launchers would not be carrying missiles during the parade.Bakin also said over four thousand fireworks would be launched at the celebrations.The first Victory Parade was held on Red Square on June 24, 1945 on the order of the then-Supreme Commander-in-Chief, Joseph Stalin.

 

Posted in History, Russian Army | Leave a Comment »